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Shortening

 

Shortening is any fat that is solid at room temperature and used to make crumbly pastry. The reason it is called shortening is that it prevents cross-linkage between gluten molecules. Cross linking gives dough elasticity. In pastries such as cake, which should not be elastic, shortening is used.

shortening2

Originally, Shortening was synonymous with Lard, and with the invention of margarine by French chemist Hippolyte Mège-Mouriès in 1869, margarine also came to be included in the term. Since the invention of hydrogenated vegetable oil in the early 20th century, “shortening” has come almost exclusively to mean hydrogenated vegetable oil. Vegetable shortening shares many properties with lard: both are semi-solid fats with a higher smoke point than butter and margarine. They contain less water and are thus less prone to splattering, making them safer for frying. Lard and shortening have a higher fat content compared to about 80% for butter and margarine.

butter

Although butter is solid at room temperature and is frequently used in making pastry, the term “shortening” seldom refers to butter but is more closely related to margarine.






About pingskie

Hello, I'm Ping Joven welcome to Pinoy Desserts the home of Filipino Dessert Recipes, I love sweets and I love to share my goodies with my family and friends. I’ve spent so much time in our kitchen even though I don’t have formal cooking education, but I cook and bake a lot. I have a large collection of cookbooks. I love watching Foodnetwork Channel & YouTube cooking videos it helps me develop my skills. To my fellow home cooks and home-bakers we should keep doing what we love and enjoy being creative in the kitchen. I also love taking photos of my food but, I’m not a good photographer, so I just hope and pray that my food will make you hungry, so you won’t notice my bad composition LOL. And lastly, please have mercy on my poor writing skills, English subject has always giving me a headache and as I compose this bio I can feel a migraine starts to kick in LOL.Thanks for visiting, have a nice day and may the blessings chase you today!

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